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Retinotopic Coding of Extraretinal Pursuit Signals in Early Visual Cortex

Lebranchu, Pierre ; Bastin, J ; Pelegrini - Issac, M ; Lehericy, S ; Berthoz, A ; Orban, G. A

Cerebral Cortex, 2010, Vol. 20(9), pp.2172-2187 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 1047-3211 ; E-ISSN: 1460-2199 ; DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhp286

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  • Nhan đề:
    Retinotopic Coding of Extraretinal Pursuit Signals in Early Visual Cortex
  • Tác giả: Lebranchu, Pierre ; Bastin, J ; Pelegrini - Issac, M ; Lehericy, S ; Berthoz, A ; Orban, G. A
  • Chủ đề: Eye Movements ; Functional Brain Imaging ; Human ; Mt/V5 Complex ; Humans ; Speed Discrimination
  • Là 1 phần của: Cerebral Cortex, 2010, Vol. 20(9), pp.2172-2187
  • Mô tả: During smooth pursuit, the image of the target is stabilized on the fovea, implying that speed judgments made during pursuit must rely on an extraretinal signal providing precise eye speed information. To characterize the introduction of such extraretinal signal into the human visual system, we performed a factorial, functional magnetic resonance imaging experiment, in which we manipulated the factor eye movement, with “fixation” and “pursuit” as levels, and the factor task, with “speed” and “form” judgments as levels. We hypothesized that the extraretinal speed signal is reflected as an interaction between speed judgments and pursuit. Random effects analysis yielded an interaction only in dorsal early visual cortex. Retinotopic mapping localized this interaction on the horizontal meridian (HM) between dorsal areas visual 2 and 3 (V2/V3) at 1–2° azimuth. This corresponded to the position the pursuit target would have reached, if moving retinotopically, at the time of the subjectʼs speed judgment. Because the 2 V2/V3 HMs are redundant, both may be involved in speed judgments, the ventral one involving judgments based on retinal motion and the dorsal one judgments requiring an internal signal. These results indicate that an extraretinal speed signal is injected into early visual cortex during pursuit.
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 1047-3211 ; E-ISSN: 1460-2199 ; DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhp286

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