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Tobacco Use and Mass Media Utilization in Sub-Saharan Africa.(Survey)

Achia, Thomas N. O.

PLoS ONE, Feb 23, 2015, Vol.10(2) [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 1932-6203

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  • Nhan đề:
    Tobacco Use and Mass Media Utilization in Sub-Saharan Africa.(Survey)
  • Tác giả: Achia, Thomas N. O.
  • Chủ đề: Health Surveys – Analysis ; Health Surveys – Surveys ; Smoking – Analysis ; Smoking – Surveys ; Freedom of the Press – Analysis ; Freedom of the Press – Surveys
  • Là 1 phần của: PLoS ONE, Feb 23, 2015, Vol.10(2)
  • Mô tả: Background Media utilization has been identified as an important determinant of tobacco use. We examined the association between self-reported tobacco use and frequency of mass media utilization by women and men in nine low-to middle-income sub-Saharan African countries. Methodology/Principal Findings Data for the study came from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Liberia, Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe over the period 2006-2011. Each survey population was a cross-sectional sample of women aged 15-49 years and men aged 15-59 years, with information on tobacco use and media access being obtained by face-to-face interviews. An index of media utilization was constructed based on responses to questions on the frequency of reading newspapers, frequency of watching television and frequency of listening to the radio. Demographic and socioeconomic variables were considered as potentially confounding covariates. Logistic regression models with country and cluster specific random effects were estimated for the pooled data. Results The risk of cigarette smoking increased with greater utilization to mass media. The use of smokeless tobacco and tobacco use in general declined with greater utilization to mass media. The risk of tobacco use was 5% lower in women with high media utilization compared to those with low media utilization [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 0.95, 95% confidence interval (CI):0.82-1.00]. Men with a high media utilization were 21% less likely to use tobacco compared to those with low media utilization [AOR = 0.79, 95%CI = 0.73-0.85]. In the male sample, tobacco use also declined with the increased frequency of reading newspapers (or magazines), listening to radio and watching television. Conclusions Mass media campaigns, conducted in the context of comprehensive tobacco control programmes, can reduce the prevalence of tobacco smoking in sub-Saharan Africa. The reach, intensity, duration and type of messages are important aspects of the campaigns but need to also address all forms of tobacco use.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 1932-6203

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