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Reduced global longitudinal strain in association to increased left ventricular mass in patients with aortic valve stenosis and normal ejection fraction: a hybrid study combining echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging.(Research)(Report)

Dinh, Wilfried ; Nickl, Werner ; Smettan, Jan ; Kramer, Frank ; Krahn, Thomas ; Scheffold, Thomas ; Barroso, Michael Coll ; Brinkmann, Hilmar ; Koehler, Till ; Lankisch, Mark ; Futh, Reiner

Cardiovascular Ultrasound, July 26, 2010, Vol.8, p.29 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 1476-7120

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  • Nhan đề:
    Reduced global longitudinal strain in association to increased left ventricular mass in patients with aortic valve stenosis and normal ejection fraction: a hybrid study combining echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging.(Research)(Report)
  • Tác giả: Dinh, Wilfried ; Nickl, Werner ; Smettan, Jan ; Kramer, Frank ; Krahn, Thomas ; Scheffold, Thomas ; Barroso, Michael Coll ; Brinkmann, Hilmar ; Koehler, Till ; Lankisch, Mark ; Futh, Reiner
  • Chủ đề: Aortic Valve Stenosis -- Complications And Side Effects ; Aortic Valve Stenosis -- Research ; Echocardiography -- Usage ; Heart Diseases -- Risk Factors ; Heart Diseases -- Diagnosis ; Heart Diseases -- Research ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- Usage
  • Là 1 phần của: Cardiovascular Ultrasound, July 26, 2010, Vol.8, p.29
  • Mô tả: Background Increased muscle mass index of the left ventricle (LVMi) is an independent predictor for the development of symptoms in patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). While the onset of clinical symptoms and left ventricular systolic dysfunction determines a poor prognosis, the standard echocardiographic evaluation of LV dysfunction, only based on measurements of the LV ejection fraction (EF), may be insufficient for an early assessment of imminent heart failure. Contrary, 2-dimensional speckle tracking (2DS) seems to be superior in detecting subtle changes in myocardial function. The aim of the study was to assess these LV function deteriorations with global longitudinal strain (GLS) analysis and the relations to LVMi in patients with AS and normal EF. Methods 50 patients with moderate to severe AS and 31 controls were enrolled. All patients underwent echocardiography, including 2DS imaging. LVMi measures were performed with magnetic resonance imaging in 38 patients with AS and indexed for body surface area. Results The total group of patients with AST showed a GLS of -15,2 [+ -] 3,6% while the control group reached -19,5 [+ -] 2,7% (p [less than] 0,001). By splitting the group with AS in normal, moderate and severe increased LVMi, the GLS was -17,0 [+ -] 2,6%, -13,2 [+ -] 3,8% and -12,4 [+ -] 2,9%, respectively (p = 0,001), where LVMi and GLS showed a significant correlation (r = 0,6, p [less than] 0,001). Conclusions In conclusion, increased LVMi is reflected in abnormalities of GLS and the proportion of GLS impairment depends on the extent of LV hypertrophy. Therefore, simultaneous measurement of LVMi and GLS might be useful to identify patients at high risk for transition into heart failure who would benefit from aortic valve replacement irrespectively of LV EF.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 1476-7120

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