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Egyptian Politics and American Diplomacy

Rugh, William A.

Middle East Policy, June 2012, Vol.19(2), pp.36-48 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 1061-1924 ; E-ISSN: 1475-4967 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00534.x

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  • Nhan đề:
    Egyptian Politics and American Diplomacy
  • Tác giả: Rugh, William A.
  • Chủ đề: Egypt ; Israel ; United States of America ; Presidents ; Nongovernmental Organizations ; Legislative Bodies ; Diplomacy ; Trust ; Councils ; International Relations; International Relations ; Article
  • Là 1 phần của: Middle East Policy, June 2012, Vol.19(2), pp.36-48
  • Mô tả: The Egyptian-American relationship has undergone several changes over the past six decades, and has now entered a new phase. The uprising that began on January 25, 2011, and ended by ousting President Hosni Mubarak 18 days later led to a political revolution that has continued into 2012 and not yet run its course. The generals in the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) who took over said they would transfer power to a new president and parliament as soon as they were democratically elected. The ultimate outcome of this transition is not yet entirely predictable, but it already seems clear that the domestic political scene has changed in significant ways and is unlikely to return to the kind of authoritarian rule Mubarak enjoyed. This in itself will have consequences for the U.S.-Egyptian relationship as new forces and new leaders assume power in Cairo. The uprising and its aftermath have been almost entirely an Egyptian domestic affair, and the Egyptian people have paid relatively little attention to the United States since it started. This is in contrast to turning points in the past, when the United States has been seen as the primary cause of Egypt's problems (as in the disastrous 1967 war with Israel), or an important help (as in President Carter's 1978 role at Camp David). It is probably true that the Obama administration's support of the military's decision to jettison Mubarak made a difference. But the U.S. role was very quiet, and Egyptians give credit for the ouster to the large numbers of their citizens in Tahrir Square who persisted in their demands that Mubarak leave power. Unlike many occasions in the past, the questions of Israel and U.S. support for it have not been major topics of discussion during the many months since Mubarak departed. Israel became the focus of public attention only on one brief occasion, when a mob stormed the Israeli embassy; the United States did not even then become part of the discussion. Yet an issue over American nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) arose unexpectedly and cast a spotlight on the U.S. relationship, causing bilateral tension for several months and revealing some latent Egyptian suspicions regarding American actions and intentions. Adapted from the source document.
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 1061-1924 ; E-ISSN: 1475-4967 ; DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4967.2012.00534.x

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