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Technocratic Ministers and Political Leadership in European Democracies

Costa Pinto, António ;Cotta, Maurizio ;Tavares de Almeida, Pedro;; Costa Pinto, António ; Cotta, Maurizio ; Tavares de Almeida, Pedro

ISBN: 978-3-319-62312-2 ; E-ISBN: 978-3-319-62313-9 ; DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-62313-9

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  • Nhan đề:
    Technocratic Ministers and Political Leadership in European Democracies
  • Tác giả: Costa Pinto, António ; Cotta, Maurizio ; Tavares de Almeida, Pedro
  • Costa Pinto, António ; Cotta, Maurizio ; Tavares de Almeida, Pedro
  • Chủ đề: Political Science and International Relations -- Political Leadership; Political Science and International Relations -- European Politics; Political Science and International Relations -- Comparative Politics; Political Science and International Relations -- Democracy
  • Mô tả: Intro -- Acknowledgements -- Contents -- List of Figures -- List of Tables -- Chapter 1: Beyond Party Government? Technocratic Trends in Society and in the Executive -- Patterns of Recruitment and Career Paths of Ministerial Elites: The Ongoing Debate -- This Book and Its Aims -- References -- Chapter 2: Non-partisan Ministers Under the French Fifth Republic (1959–2014) -- Introduction -- Morphology of Non-partisan Governmental Recruitment Under the Fifth Republic -- A Presidential Prerogative and a Feature of a Semi-­presidential Regime -- A Precarious Position -- Non-partisan Ministers with Different Roles and Status -- Origins of Non-partisan Ministers -- Factors That Favour Appointments -- Post-governmental Future of Non-partisan Ministers -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3: No More Political Insiders? Ministerial Selection in Sweden During the Post-WWII Period -- Introduction -- Ministerial Selection as a Delegation Problem -- The ‘Presidentialization’ of Parliamentary Democracies -- The Selection of ‘Technocrat’ Ministers -- Rules Surrounding Ministerial Selection -- The Cabinets Formed in Sweden During  the Post-­WWII Period -- The Selection and Deselection of Political ‘Outsiders’ in Sweden -- The Political Background of Swedish First-Time Ministers -- The Educational and Occupational Background of Swedish Ministers -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- Chapter 4: Shades of Technocracy: The Variable Use of Non-partisan Ministers in Italy -- Technical Skills, Technical Ministers and Technical Governments: What Is the Difference? -- Ministerial Recruitment and Italian Parliamentary Democracy -- Ministerial Recruitment and the Role of Non-­partisan Actors in Italy: A Diachronic Picture -- Technocracy in Power: Tales from the Italian Republic -- Ministerial Life After Selection: Trajectories and Fortunes of Non-partisan Ministers in Italy -- Illusions and Consequences of a Long Technocratic Era -- References -- Chapter 5: The Primacy of Experts? Non-partisan Ministers in Portuguese Democracy -- Introduction -- Explaining the Rise of Expert and Non-partisan Ministers in Democratic Cabinets -- Portuguese Democracy: Institutional Configuration and Political Dynamics -- Expert and Non-partisan Ministers in Portuguese Cabinets, 1976–2015 -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 6: The Selection and Deselection of Technocratic Ministers in Democratic Spain -- Introduction -- The Spanish Political and Institutional Framework -- Non-political Ministers in Spanish Cabinets, 1977–2015 -- The UCD Governments -- The González Governments -- The Aznar Governments -- The Zapatero Governments -- The Rajoy Government -- Explaining the Selection and Dismissal of Non-­political Ministers -- The Selection of Non-political Ministers -- The Ministerial Career -- The Deselection of Non-political Ministers -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 7: Recruitment and Careers of Ministers in Central Eastern Europe and Baltic Countries -- Possible Differences Between East European and West European Mechanisms of Ministerial Selection -- Operationalization and Data -- Institutional Framework -- Patterns of Ministerial Recruitment in Central European and Baltic Cabinets -- Politicization Over Time? -- The Profiles of Political Outsiders and Experts -- The Portfolios of Political Outsiders and Experts -- Careers of Political Outsiders -- Conclusion: Outsider Ministers in Central European and Baltic Cabinets—Easy Come, Easy Go -- References -- Chapter 8: Variations in the Expert Ministerial Framework in Hungary and Romania: Personal and Institutional Explanations -- Introduction -- The Political Context Behind Expert Ministers in Hungarian and Romanian Cabinets: A Broad Overview -- Taking the Broader View: Two Distinct Explanations About the Presence of Expert Ministers -- Party Development -- The Role of Prime Ministers and Presidents in Nominating Experts -- The Profile of Expert Ministers -- Tenure of Ministers -- Expertise with Different Faces -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 9: Turkey’s Ministerial Elites: The Growing Importance of Technical Expertise -- Introduction -- The Constitutional and Political Context -- The Selection of Cabinet Members in Turkey -- Experts and Technocrats in the Cabinets -- The Social Profiles of Ministers Without a Political Background -- Explaining the Turkish Case -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 10: Technocratic Government Versus Party Government? Non-partisan Ministers and the Changing Parameters of Political Leadership in European Democracies -- Technocracy and Party Government -- Partisan and Non-partisan Ministers in European Countries -- Non-partisan Ministers: Who Are They and Which Positions They Occupy? -- Temporal Change or Stability in Ministerial Recruitment Patterns? -- Institutional Factors and the Recruitment of Ministers -- Crisis Effects -- Final Remarks -- References -- Index -- .
  • Nhan đề liên quan: Series: Palgrave Studies in Political Leadership
  • Nơi xuất bản: Springer International Publishing, Cham
  • Năm xuất bản: 2018
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISBN: 978-3-319-62312-2 ; E-ISBN: 978-3-319-62313-9 ; DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-62313-9

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