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Mono- and Multielement Sorption of Trace Metals on Oxidic Industrial By-products

Souza Costa, Enio ; Guilherme, Luiz ; Lopes, Guilherme ; Curi, Nilton

Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 2012, Vol.223(4), pp.1661-1670 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0049-6979 ; E-ISSN: 1573-2932 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11270-011-0973-8

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  • Nhan đề:
    Mono- and Multielement Sorption of Trace Metals on Oxidic Industrial By-products
  • Tác giả: Souza Costa, Enio ; Guilherme, Luiz ; Lopes, Guilherme ; Curi, Nilton
  • Chủ đề: Red mud ; Adsorption ; Desorption ; Trace element
  • Là 1 phần của: Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 2012, Vol.223(4), pp.1661-1670
  • Mô tả: Assessing multielement adsorption of trace metals on materials having potential to be used as soil amendments is an essential stage for the remediation success, as soil contamination rarely occurs with a single element. This study evaluated mono-/multielement adsorption of Zn, Cu, Cd, and Pb on aluminum (AMB) and iron mining by-products (IMB, used for comparison). Prior to adsorption, these products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, isoelectric point, infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and microwave furnace digestion. Sorption experiments comprised: (1) pH adjustment (5.5, 6.5, and natural suspension pH), (2) mono- and multielement adsorption, and (3) desorption. Rising pH from 5.5 to natural suspension values (9.5) increased monoelement adsorption of Zn, Cu, Cd, and Pb on AMB up to 3.8-, 1.4-, 6.2-, and 1.1-fold, whereas multielement adsorption was increased up to 17.3-, 2.0-, 20.3-, and 1.2-fold, respectively. Zinc and Cd were less adsorbed than Cu and Pb and more affected by competition. Multielement adsorption at 5.5 pH in AMB resulted in smaller adsorption of Zn (up to 4.6-fold), Cu (1.4-fold), Cd (3.3-fold), and Pb (1.1-fold) when compared with monoelement adsorption. The lower the pH, the smaller the adsorption and the higher the desorption. The AMB showed higher capacity to maintain the elements adsorbed than the IMB.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0049-6979 ; E-ISSN: 1573-2932 ; DOI: 10.1007/s11270-011-0973-8

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