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Constructing nanostructured silicates on diatomite for Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal

Sun, Lingmin ; Wang, Jinshu ; Wu, Junshu ; Wang, Tianning ; Du, Yucheng ; Li, Yongli ; Li, Hongyi

Journal of Materials Science, 2019, Vol.54(9), pp.6882-6894 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0022-2461 ; E-ISSN: 1573-4803 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10853-019-03388-w

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  • Nhan đề:
    Constructing nanostructured silicates on diatomite for Pb(II) and Cd(II) removal
  • Tác giả: Sun, Lingmin ; Wang, Jinshu ; Wu, Junshu ; Wang, Tianning ; Du, Yucheng ; Li, Yongli ; Li, Hongyi
  • Chủ đề: Aqueous Solutions ; Nucleation ; Organic Chemistry ; Adsorbents ; Ph ; Chemisorption ; Adsorbents ; Nanostructure ; Diatomite ; Heavy Metals ; Silicates ; Adsorption ; Surface Chemistry ; Zinc Silicates ; Structural Analysis ; Wastewater Treatment ; Surface Layers ; Cadmium ; Process Parameters ; Reaction Kinetics ; Adsorption ; Lead
  • Là 1 phần của: Journal of Materials Science, 2019, Vol.54(9), pp.6882-6894
  • Mô tả: Crystallizing nanostructured silicates on diatomite is an alternative way to prepare promising low-cost adsorbents for heavy metal removal. Here we report a facile hydrothermal process to build (Zn 2 SiO 4 or Mn 7 O 8 (SiO 4 )) layer on diatomite with the assistance of ethanediamine which is essential for the construction of hierarchical silicate nanostructures via an energetically favored heterogeneous nucleation process. The prepared ZnDt (Zn 2 SiO 4 /diatomite) was selected as an example to study the absorption behaviors toward lead Pb(II) and cadmium Cd(II) ions. The results reveal that the adsorption capacities of ZnDt composite for Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions reach 443.0 mg/L and 29.0 mg/L, respectively. The adsorption kinetics and isotherm analysis show that the adsorption process is properly described by pseudo-second-order and Langmuir models. Process parameters (pH value, ion strength, adsorption time, etc.) effecting the adsorption capacity were optimized, and high adsorption capacity for Pb(II) in the presence of coexistent cations (Cd 2+ and Na + ) was observed in competitive adsorption process. Our structural analysis and Zn 2+ extractability determinations show that surface layer of Zn 2 SiO 4 nanosheets is hydrolyzed in Pb 2+ and Cd 2+ aqueous solution, resulting in the dominant chemisorption of Pb 2+ and Cd 2+ on external surface sites to generate Pb 3 (OH) 2 (CO 3 ) 2 and Cd(OH) 2 , respectively. The current work may inspire the development of new types of 3D nanostructured diatomite-based adsorbents for remediation of wastewater.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0022-2461 ; E-ISSN: 1573-4803 ; DOI: 10.1007/s10853-019-03388-w

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