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Releases of phosphate fertilizer industry in the surrounding environment: Investigation on heavy metals and polonium-210 in soil

Aoun, M. ; El Samrani, A.G. ; Lartiges, B.S. ; Kazpard, V. ; Saad, Z.

Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2010, Vol.22(9), pp.1387-1397 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 1001-0742 ; DOI: 10.1016/S1001-0742(09)60247-3

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  • Nhan đề:
    Releases of phosphate fertilizer industry in the surrounding environment: Investigation on heavy metals and polonium-210 in soil
  • Tác giả: Aoun, M. ; El Samrani, A.G. ; Lartiges, B.S. ; Kazpard, V. ; Saad, Z.
  • Chủ đề: Heavy Elements ; Phosphogypsum ; Fertilizer Industry ; Polonium-210 ; Alpha Spectrometry
  • Là 1 phần của: Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2010, Vol.22(9), pp.1387-1397
  • Mô tả: Abstract Distribution of Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, Ni, Mn concentrations and the activity of polonium-210 in the surrounding area of a phosphate fertilizer industry located on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea has been determined. Nineteen sampling sites were distributed around the industrial zone on a surface area of about 100,000 m 2. Atomic absorption spectroscopy and Alpha spectroscopy were used to quantify the heavy elements and polonium-210, respectively. Investigation on a particle scale was conducted by TEM and SEM coupled to EDX and X-ray cartography to determine the nature of heavy elements carriers and their distribution. Heavy elements were mainly concentrated inside the particle size fraction < 50 μm. Their levels decreased with distance increasing from the industry. According to the reference soil, enrichment factors were about 10, 15, 32 and 100 times for Zn, Pb, Cu, and Cr, respectively inside the particle size fraction < 50 μm on the closest sites to the industry. The main contaminant sources were transport and storage of row materials and the free release of phosphogypsum waste. Heavy elements were entrapped inside agglomerates of sulfates, phosphates and iron oxihydroxides in a diffused shape. Polonium-210 with an enrichment factor of about 56, showed the same behavior of the spatial distribution of the trace elements.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 1001-0742 ; DOI: 10.1016/S1001-0742(09)60247-3

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