skip to main content
Ngôn ngữ:
Giới hạn tìm kiếm: Giới hạn tìm kiếm: Dạng tài nguyên Hiển thị kết quả với: Hiển thị kết quả với: Chỉ mục

1 Genetic changes: Relevance for diagnosis and detection of minimal residual disease in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

Cole-Sinclair, Merrole F. ; Foroni, Letizia ; Hoffbrand, A. Victor

Bailliere's Clinical Haematology, 1994, Vol.7(2), pp.183-233

ISSN: 0950-3536 ; DOI: 10.1016/S0950-3536(05)80200-8

Toàn văn sẵn có

Trích dẫn Trích dẫn bởi
  • Nhan đề:
    1 Genetic changes: Relevance for diagnosis and detection of minimal residual disease in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
  • Tác giả: Cole-Sinclair, Merrole F. ; Foroni, Letizia ; Hoffbrand, A. Victor
  • Chủ đề: Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma -- Genetics
  • Là 1 phần của: Bailliere's Clinical Haematology, 1994, Vol.7(2), pp.183-233
  • Mô tả: Cure can now be achieved in a proportion of patients with ALL. However, relapse and eventual treatment failure occur in many cases receiving identical treatment, presumably as a result of failure to eradicate MRD. While for many years marrow morphology has been the standard by which leukaemic remission has been assessed, more sensitive techniques have been developed for detection of MRD including immunophenotypic analysis, and as discussed in this chapter, methods which detect leukaemia-associated clonal genetic changes at the karyotypic and genomic levels. Table 10 lists the applicability and sensitivity of various markers used in MRD analysis in ALL. It is apparent that of the karyotypic and molecular approaches described, only PCR-based strategies for detection of either leukaemia-specific translocations or clonal Ag receptor rearrangements are reliably applicable to a high proportion of both B- and T-ALL at sufficiently high sensitivity. {fx222-1} Initial clinical studies of patients undergoing therapy for ALL using a variety of PCR-based methods suggest that in some cases a persistent or increasing level of residual disease may be predictive for clinical relapse, although a number of technical factors and the phenomena of oligo-clonality and clonal evolution may limit the usefulness of this analysis in a few instances. From current available data it appears that in order to define the potential predictive value of PCR detection of MRD a large number of patients will need to be prospectively assessed over several years at multiple time points during and after therapy, preferably using more than one semi-quantitative PCR approach. In addition to reliable prediction of clinical relapse allowing appropriate individual treatment modification, progress in the molecular detection of MRD in ALL is also likely to be of benefit in the assessment of the efficacy of autograft purging and the evaluation of new therapeutic strategies such as the use of biological response modifiers to eliminate a low tumour burden.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0950-3536 ; DOI: 10.1016/S0950-3536(05)80200-8

Đang tìm Cơ sở dữ liệu bên ngoài...