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Transformation of heavy metals in lignite during supercritical water gasification

Chen, Guifang ; Yang, Xinfei ; Chen, Shouyan ; Dong, Yong ; Cui, Lin ; Zhang, Yong ; Wang, Peng ; Zhao, Xiqiang ; Ma, Chunyuan

Applied Energy, 1 February 2017, Vol.187, pp.272-280 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0306-2619 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.11.054

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  • Nhan đề:
    Transformation of heavy metals in lignite during supercritical water gasification
  • Tác giả: Chen, Guifang ; Yang, Xinfei ; Chen, Shouyan ; Dong, Yong ; Cui, Lin ; Zhang, Yong ; Wang, Peng ; Zhao, Xiqiang ; Ma, Chunyuan
  • Chủ đề: Gasification ; Heavy Metal ; Transformation ; Supercritical Water
  • Là 1 phần của: Applied Energy, 1 February 2017, Vol.187, pp.272-280
  • Mô tả: •The transformations of heavy metals during lignite SCWG were investigated.•The risks of heavy metals in lignite and residues after SCWG were evaluated.•The effects of experimental conditions on corrosion during SCWG were studied. Transformation characteristics of heavy metals during lignite supercritical water gasification (SCWG) were studied. A sequential extraction procedure (modified Tessier method) was used to selectively extract different fractions of Pb, Cd, Cr, Mn, Cu, Ni, and Zn. Heavy metals transformed into more stable fractions after SCWG. For Pb, Cd, Mn, Cu, and Zn, SCWG reduced the bioavailability and the risks posed by heavy metals in lignite. Under the experimental conditions, the conversion rates for Pb and Cd were 16.0%–25.2% and 16.3%–23.4%, respectively, whereas those for Mn, Cu, and Zn were much lower. Solid products enriched with Pb, Cd, Mn, Cu, and Zn were obtained after SCWG; the contents of these metals varied slightly in the liquid products under different experimental conditions. Excess Cr and Ni that did not originate from lignite were found in the residues, owing to reactor corrosion during lignite SCWG. Higher temperatures alleviated corrosion, whereas higher pressures and equivalence ratios (ER) had the opposite effect. None of the heavy metals were detected in the gas phase under the experimental conditions used in the present study. The correlation between the distributions of heavy metals and the experimental conditions were also studied. The transformation pathways of Pb, Cd, Mn, Cu, and Zn during SCWG were deduced according to the experimental results.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0306-2619 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.11.054

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