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Assessment of heavy metals in raw food samples from open markets in two African cities

Nuapia, Yannick ; Chimuka, Luke ; Cukrowska, Ewa

Chemosphere, April 2018, Vol.196, pp.339-346 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0045-6535 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.12.134

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  • Nhan đề:
    Assessment of heavy metals in raw food samples from open markets in two African cities
  • Tác giả: Nuapia, Yannick ; Chimuka, Luke ; Cukrowska, Ewa
  • Chủ đề: Heavy Metals ; Food ; Health Risk ; Kinshasa ; Johannesburg
  • Là 1 phần của: Chemosphere, April 2018, Vol.196, pp.339-346
  • Mô tả: The present study was performed to assess the level of biologically potent metallic elements (Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Pb and Zn), metalloid (As) and non-metal (Se) in different raw food from open markets in Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo) and Johannesburg (South Africa). Hundred twenty different food samples comprising of cabbage, bean, beef and fish were collected, digested in the microwave system and analysed for trace metals using ICP-OES, ICP-MS and mercury analyser. The obtained results were used to evaluate the health risk of these elements via consumption of foods. The investigation revealed that the mean level of trace elements ranged Al: 1.62 ± 0.32 to 52.10 ± 3.45, As: 1.62 ± 0.32 to 5.33 ± 1.04, Cd: 0.16 ± 0.09 to 3.93 ± 0.12, Cr: 0.58 ± 0.24 to 17.29 ± 2.03, Cu: 0.69 ± 0.15 to 15.70 ± 1.67, Hg: 1.53 ± 0.1 to 2.94 ± 0.23, Mn: 5.34 ± 1.37 to 18.31 ± 3.45, Pb: 0.16 ± 0.09 to 4.14 ± 1.08, Se: 0.18 ± 0.08 to 1.41 ± 0.97, Zn: 5.47 ± 1.83 to 75.12 ± 5.67 mg kg−1. The average values of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Pb, Se and Zn in raw foods collected from Johannesburg market were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than those from the Kinshasa market. While the highest Al contents (p < 0.05) were found in the food sold in Kinshasa open market. The levels of most studied metals in the raw foods were exceeding the recommended maximum acceptable limit proposed by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food. The combined Target Hazard Quotients (THQ) values for all samples from both markets were greater than 1 which indicates a potential health risk to the local consumer. •Heavy metal pollution in food from African markets.•Target Hazard Quotients.•Comparison of health risk due to expose to metals from food.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0045-6535 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.12.134

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