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National Identity and Mentalities of War in Three EC Countries

Hedetoft, Ulf

Journal of Peace Research, August 1993, Vol.30(3), pp.281-300 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0022-3433 ; E-ISSN: 1460-3578 ; DOI: 10.1177/0022343393030003004

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  • Nhan đề:
    National Identity and Mentalities of War in Three EC Countries
  • Tác giả: Hedetoft, Ulf
  • Chủ đề: International Relations ; Law
  • Là 1 phần của: Journal of Peace Research, August 1993, Vol.30(3), pp.281-300
  • Mô tả: It is a basic assumption of this article that the history, symbolism and mentality of war - e.g. in the form of heroism - constitute central elements in the make-up of national identities, also in the European Community, despite the fact that the EC is more commonly thought of as a peace movement. The contribution and significance of `war mentality' may differ from one country to the next, however. The article examines the link between national identity and the mentality of war in Great Britain, (West) Germany and Denmark, as three EC countries representing different national histories, structures and ambitions. The approach is comparative and intercultural. The author argues (1) that the mentality of war is radically different in the three countries: one of proud and unifying civic heroism in Britain, of traumatic negative presence in Germany and of symbolic moral strength based on historical defeats in Denmark; (2) that these differences are mainly rooted in (the outcome of) World War II and conform with general patterns of political culture in the three countries concerning the link between nationalism and internationalism; and (3) that this makes for very different attitudes to closer political cooperation in a `European Union', particularly as regards integration in the areas of common security and defence policies. Attitudes to the Gulf War are used as a concrete case to demonstrate some of the salient points. The article concludes by pointing out the difficulties in unifying European nationalisms so dissimilar in this decisive area of national identity, and in permanently keeping the military option out of intra-European national competition.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0022-3433 ; E-ISSN: 1460-3578 ; DOI: 10.1177/0022343393030003004

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