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Geogenic and Anthropogenic Moss Responsiveness to Element Distribution Around a Pb-Zn Mine, Toranica, Republic of Macedonia

Angelovska, Svetlana ; Stafilov, Trajce ; Sajn, Robert ; Balabanova, Biljana

Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Apr 2016, Vol.70(3), pp.487-505 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 00904341 ; DOI: 10.1007/s00244-015-0251-7

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  • Nhan đề:
    Geogenic and Anthropogenic Moss Responsiveness to Element Distribution Around a Pb-Zn Mine, Toranica, Republic of Macedonia
  • Tác giả: Angelovska, Svetlana ; Stafilov, Trajce ; Sajn, Robert ; Balabanova, Biljana
  • Chủ đề: Republic of Macedonia ; Studies ; Heavy Metal Content ; Soil Contamination ; Mining Industry ; Mosses ; Indicator Organisms ; Experimental/Theoretical ; Pollution Control ; Extractive Industries ; Eastern Europe
  • Là 1 phần của: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Apr 2016, Vol.70(3), pp.487-505
  • Mô tả: Moss species (Homalothecium lutescens, Hypnum cupressiforme, Brachythecium glareosum, and Campthotecium lutescens) were used as suitable sampling media for biomonitoring the origin of heavy-metal pollution in the lead/zinc (PbZn) mine Toranica near the Kriva Palanka town, Eastern Macedonia. The contents of 20 elements: silver (Ag), aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), calcium (Ca), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), potassium (K), lithium (Li), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn), sodium (Na), nickel (Ni), Pb, strontium (Sr), vanadium (V), and (Zn) were determined by atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma. Data processing was applied with combinations of multivariate statistical methods: factor analysis, principal component analysis, and cluster analysis. Moss responsiveness to the atmospheric distribution of the selected elements was investigated in correlation to the specic geology of the region (soil dusting). Lithogenic distribution was characterized with the distribution of three dominant geochemical associations: F1: AlLiVCrNi Co, F2: BaCaSr, and F3: CdZnPbCu. Spatial distribution was constructed for visualization of the factor deposition. Furthermore, air distribution (passive biomonitoring) versus soil geochemistry of the analyzed elements was examined. Signicant correlations were singled out for Pb, Zn, and Cd and for Mg(moss)/Na(soil). Characteristic lithological anomaly characterized the presence of the oldest geological volcanic rocks. Zone 1 (PbZn mine surrounding) presents a unique area with hydrothermal action of PbZn mineralization leading to polymetallic enrichments in soil. This phenomenon strongly affects the environment, which is a natural geochemical imprint in this unique area (described with the strong dominance of the geochemical association CdZnPbCu).
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 00904341 ; DOI: 10.1007/s00244-015-0251-7

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