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An early chondrichthyan and the evolutionary assembly of a shark body plan

Coates, Michael I ; Finarelli, John A ; Sansom, Ivan J ; Andreev, Plamen S ; Criswell, Katharine E ; Tietjen, Kristen ; Rivers, Mark L ; La Riviere, Patrick J

Proceedings. Biological sciences, 10 January 2018, Vol.285(1870) [Tạp chí có phản biện]

E-ISSN: 1471-2954 ; PMID: 29298937 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2418

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  • Nhan đề:
    An early chondrichthyan and the evolutionary assembly of a shark body plan
  • Tác giả: Coates, Michael I ; Finarelli, John A ; Sansom, Ivan J ; Andreev, Plamen S ; Criswell, Katharine E ; Tietjen, Kristen ; Rivers, Mark L ; La Riviere, Patrick J
  • Chủ đề: Chondrichthyes ; Middle Devonian ; Gill Skeleton ; Gnathostomes ; Jaws ; Scales ; Biological Evolution ; Sharks -- Anatomy & Histology
  • Là 1 phần của: Proceedings. Biological sciences, 10 January 2018, Vol.285(1870)
  • Mô tả: Although relationships among the major groups of living gnathostomes are well established, the relatedness of early jawed vertebrates to modern clades is intensely debated. Here, we provide a new description of , a Middle Devonian (Givetian approx. 385-million-year-old) stem chondrichthyan from Germany, and one of the very few early chondrichthyans in which substantial portions of the endoskeleton are preserved. Tomographic and histological techniques reveal new details of the gill skeleton, hyoid arch and jaws, neurocranium, cartilage, scales and teeth. Despite many features resembling placoderm or osteichthyan conditions, phylogenetic analysis confirms as a stem chondrichthyan and corroborates hypotheses that all acanthodians are stem chondrichthyans. The unfamiliar character combination displayed by , alongside conditions observed in acanthodians, implies that pre-Devonian stem chondrichthyans are severely under-sampled and strongly supports indications from isolated scales that the gnathostome crown group originated at the latest by the early Silurian (approx. 440 Ma). Moreover, phylogenetic results highlight the likely convergent evolution of conventional chondrichthyan conditions among earliest members of this primary gnathostome division, while skeletal morphology points towards the likely suspension feeding habits of , suggesting a functional origin of the gill slit condition characteristic of the vast majority of living and fossil chondrichthyans.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: E-ISSN: 1471-2954 ; PMID: 29298937 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2418

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