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Use of Brazilian sugarcane bagasse ash in concrete as sand replacement

Sales, Almir ; Lima, Sofia Araújo

Waste management (New York, N.Y.), June 2010, Vol.30(6), pp.1114-22 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

E-ISSN: 1879-2456 ; PMID: 20163947 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2010.01.026

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  • Nhan đề:
    Use of Brazilian sugarcane bagasse ash in concrete as sand replacement
  • Tác giả: Sales, Almir ; Lima, Sofia Araújo
  • Chủ đề: Cellulose ; Conservation of Natural Resources ; Construction Materials ; Saccharum
  • Là 1 phần của: Waste management (New York, N.Y.), June 2010, Vol.30(6), pp.1114-22
  • Mô tả: Sugarcane today plays a major role in the worldwide economy, and Brazil is the leading producer of sugar and alcohol, which are important international commodities. The production process generates bagasse as a waste, which is used as fuel to stoke boilers that produce steam for electricity cogeneration. The final product of this burning is residual sugarcane bagasse ash (SBA), which is normally used as fertilizer in sugarcane plantations. Ash stands out among agroindustrial wastes because it results from energy generating processes. Many types of ash do not have hydraulic or pozzolanic reactivity, but can be used in civil construction as inert materials. The present study used ash collected from four sugar mills in the region of São Carlos, SP, Brazil, which is one of the world's largest producers of sugarcane. The ash samples were subjected to chemical characterization, sieve analysis, determination of specific gravity, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and solubilization and leaching tests. Mortars and concretes with SBA as sand replacement were produced and tests were carried out: compressive strength, tensile strength and elastic modulus. The results indicated that the SBA samples presented physical properties similar to those of natural sand. Several heavy metals were found in the SBA samples, indicating the need to restrict its use as a fertilizer. The mortars produced with SBA in place of sand showed better mechanical results than the reference samples. SBA can be used as a partial substitute of sand in concretes made with cement slag-modified Portland cement.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: E-ISSN: 1879-2456 ; PMID: 20163947 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2010.01.026

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