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Assessment of arsenic and heavy metal contents in cockles (Anadara granosa) using multivariate statistical techniques

Abbas Alkarkhi, F M ; Ismail, Norli ; Easa, Azhar Mat

Journal of hazardous materials, 11 February 2008, Vol.150(3), pp.783-9 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0304-3894 ; PMID: 17590506 Version:1

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  • Nhan đề:
    Assessment of arsenic and heavy metal contents in cockles (Anadara granosa) using multivariate statistical techniques
  • Tác giả: Abbas Alkarkhi, F M ; Ismail, Norli ; Easa, Azhar Mat
  • Chủ đề: Arsenic -- Metabolism ; Cardiidae -- Metabolism ; Environmental Monitoring -- Statistics & Numerical Data ; Metals, Heavy -- Metabolism ; Water Pollutants, Chemical -- Metabolism
  • Là 1 phần của: Journal of hazardous materials, 11 February 2008, Vol.150(3), pp.783-9
  • Mô tả: Cockles (Anadara granosa) sample obtained from two rivers in the Penang State of Malaysia were analyzed for the content of arsenic (As) and heavy metals (Cr, Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, and Hg) using a graphite flame atomic absorption spectrometer (GF-AAS) for Cr, Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, As and cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometer (CV-AAS) for Hg. The two locations of interest with 20 sampling points of each location were Kuala Juru (Juru River) and Bukit Tambun (Jejawi River). Multivariate statistical techniques such as multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and discriminant analysis (DA) were applied for analyzing the data. MANOVA showed a strong significant difference between the two rivers in term of As and heavy metals contents in cockles. DA gave the best result to identify the relative contribution for all parameters in discriminating (distinguishing) the two rivers. It provided an important data reduction as it used only two parameters (Zn and Cd) affording more than 72% correct assignations. Results indicated that the two rivers were different in terms of As and heavy metal contents in cockle, and the major difference was due to the contribution of Zn and Cd. A positive correlation was found between discriminate functions (DF) and Zn, Cd and Cr, whereas negative correlation was exhibited with other heavy metals. Therefore, DA allowed a reduction in the dimensionality of the data set, delineating a few indicator parameters responsible for large variations in heavy metals and arsenic content. Taking into account of these results, it can be suggested that a continuous monitoring of As and heavy metals in cockles be performed in these two rivers.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0304-3894 ; PMID: 17590506 Version:1

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