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Effects of display design on performance in a simulated ship navigation environment

Sauer, Juergen ; Wastell, David G ; Hockey, G Robert J ; Crawshaw, C Martin ; Ishak, Mai ; Downing, Jonathon C

Ergonomics, 15 April 2002, Vol.45(5), pp.329-47 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0014-0139 ; PMID: 12028719 Version:1

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  • Nhan đề:
    Effects of display design on performance in a simulated ship navigation environment
  • Tác giả: Sauer, Juergen ; Wastell, David G ; Hockey, G Robert J ; Crawshaw, C Martin ; Ishak, Mai ; Downing, Jonathon C
  • Chủ đề: Man-Machine Systems ; Ships ; User-Computer Interface
  • Là 1 phần của: Ergonomics, 15 April 2002, Vol.45(5), pp.329-47
  • Mô tả: Although automation is playing an increasing role on the ship's bridge, empirical research on the effectiveness of alternative bridge designs is limited. In this paper, we describe an experimental study of the benefits of integrated information display, using a computerized simulation of a highly automated ship's bridge. The study compared three types of interface design, which presented radar and electronic chart information to the operator in different ways: (a) integrated display, (b) functionally-separate display, and (c) spatially-separate display. Effects were examined in relation to time on watch and scenario complexity. Following extensive training on the task, 39 participants were tested over a 4-h experimental session, during which they encountered a sequence of collision scenarios of varying complexity. Using a dual-task methodology, a range of measures of primary and secondary task performance were taken, together with assessment of information sampling behaviour and subjective operator state (workload, fatigue, anxiety and situation awareness). The results indicated slight navigational advantages of the integrated display over the two alternative display types, although it also incurred higher levels of operator cost, particularly fatigue. There were no marked effects of time on watch, but more complex scenarios were associated with impaired performance, increased workload and reduced situation awareness. Overall, the findings have suggested some benefits of integrating primary information sources in a ship's bridge environment. The study further confirms the value of experimental simulations as tools for investigating design issues for ship's bridge automation.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0014-0139 ; PMID: 12028719 Version:1

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