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Relationships between environmental organochlorine contaminant residues, plasma corticosterone concentrations, and intermediary metabolic enzyme activities in Great Lakes herring gull embryos

Lorenzen, A ; Moon, T W ; Kennedy, S W ; Glen, G A

Environmental health perspectives, March 1999, Vol.107(3), pp.179-86 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0091-6765 ; PMID: 10064546 Version:1

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  • Nhan đề:
    Relationships between environmental organochlorine contaminant residues, plasma corticosterone concentrations, and intermediary metabolic enzyme activities in Great Lakes herring gull embryos
  • Tác giả: Lorenzen, A ; Moon, T W ; Kennedy, S W ; Glen, G A
  • Chủ đề: Birds -- Embryology ; Corticosterone -- Blood ; Environmental Pollutants -- Adverse Effects ; Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated -- Adverse Effects ; Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System -- Drug Effects ; Pituitary-Adrenal System -- Drug Effects
  • Là 1 phần của: Environmental health perspectives, March 1999, Vol.107(3), pp.179-86
  • Mô tả: Experiments were conducted to survey and detect differences in plasma corticosterone concentrations and intermediary metabolic enzyme activities in herring gull (Larus argentatus) embryos environmentally exposed to organochlorine contaminants in ovo. Unincubated fertile herring gull eggs were collected from an Atlantic coast control site and various Great Lakes sites in 1997 and artificially incubated in the laboratory. Liver and/or kidney tissues from approximately half of the late-stage embryos were analyzed for the activities of various intermediary metabolic enzymes known to be regulated, at least in part, by corticosteroids. Basal plasma corticosterone concentrations were determined for the remaining embryos. Yolk sacs were collected from each embryo and a subset was analyzed for organochlorine contaminants. Regression analysis of individual yolk sac organochlorine residue concentrations, or 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin equivalents (TEQs), with individual basal plasma corticosterone concentrations indicated statistically significant inverse relationships for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs), total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), non-ortho PCBs, and TEQs. Similarly, inverse relationships were observed for the activities of two intermediary metabolic enzymes (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase and malic enzyme) when regressed against PCDDs/PCDFs. Overall, these data suggest that current levels of organochlorine contamination may be affecting the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis and associated intermediary metabolic pathways in environmentally exposed herring gull embryos in the Great Lakes.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0091-6765 ; PMID: 10064546 Version:1

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