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The Immigration from Islamic Countries in the Eyes of Israeli Press between 1950 and 1952 / העלייה מארצות האסלאם בראי העיתונות העברית בשנים 1950-1952

ייני, נתן ; Yeyni, Nathan

Kesher / קשר, 1 October 2007, Issue, pp.131-144 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 07920113

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  • Nhan đề:
    The Immigration from Islamic Countries in the Eyes of Israeli Press between 1950 and 1952 / העלייה מארצות האסלאם בראי העיתונות העברית בשנים 1950-1952
  • Tác giả: ייני, נתן ; Yeyni, Nathan
  • Là 1 phần của: Kesher / קשר, 1 October 2007, Issue, pp.131-144
  • Mô tả: The article studies the immigration from Islamic countries, as seen through the mirror of the Hebrew press between the years 1950-1952, and examines whether the series of articles by the journalist A. Gelblum that were published in HaAretz and harshly criticized the immigration from Oriental countries, wholly represented the outlook of the press, as well as the ways in which the press in the state of Israel was influenced by this stereotypical writing. For this task, the author sampled three opposition newspapers: Ha-Boker, Al ha-Mishmar and Herut, and one non-establishment newspaper, Ha-Aretz. He also studied the position of the establishment, as expressed in the newspapers Davar and Ha-Tzofe. With the conclusions at his disposal, he faced the assertion that the labeling of the immigrants from Oriental countries as inferior perpetuated their failures. The results showed that the spirit of Gelblum's writing continued to accompany the opposition newspapers, and in spite of being cautious and disinclined towards blunt and racist writing, it displays many motifs of stereotypical portrayals and construction of the Oriental immigrants' identity as primitive and failed. At the same time, the massive and open attack on the Oriental immigrants was not supported by the oppositional newspapers; it was succeeded by tacit, sophisticated writing that allowed the reader to shape his view of the image of the immigrant, through information regarding his personality traits, behavior, lifestyle and ability to become integrated into social life. In contrast, the establishment press showed a reasonable, governmental approach. Neither contented with describing the grim reality nor pointing a blaming finger at the immigrants, it aimed half of its criticism at the absorbing establishment. As for the "inherited discrimination" theory, the author was not convinced that the press could stigmatize the immigration for generations; a list of personalities from different areas should be enough evidence to show the integration of immigrants of the congregations of the Orient into the IsraeliJewish experience. Examination of the influence of "the labeling stain" shows that the oppositional press approved of the assertions of Gelblum, who saw uncontrolled immigration as a danger to the country's identity. In contrast, the establishment press opposed limiting the immigration, tried to better the image of the immigrants and proposed varied solutions for improving the absorption process. The discrimination theory was mostly developed by the oppositional press that used the immigrants as an instrument for criticizing the Government and as proof that their arrival from Oriental countries would magnify the social polarity in Israel, as well as the immigrants' feelings of deprivation. This brings the author to the conclusion that the influence of the labeling stain theory was scant, for the control of the oppositional circles over the future of those belonging to the "deprived classes" was limited. On the other hand, the establishment tried to prove that the immigrants were becoming integrated and involved in the job market and the social life in Israel, since successful absorption is proof for the success of the free immigration policy.
  • Ngôn ngữ: Hebrew
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 07920113

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