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Mapping Spaces of Environmental Dispute: GIS, Mining, and Surveillance in the Amazon

Spiegel, Samuel J. ; Ribeiro, Carlos A. A. S. ; Sousa, Rodolfo ; Veiga, Marcello M.

Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 1 March 2012, Vol.102(2), pp.320-349 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 00045608 ; E-ISSN: 14678306

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  • Nhan đề:
    Mapping Spaces of Environmental Dispute: GIS, Mining, and Surveillance in the Amazon
  • Tác giả: Spiegel, Samuel J. ; Ribeiro, Carlos A. A. S. ; Sousa, Rodolfo ; Veiga, Marcello M.
  • Chủ đề: Business -- Industry -- Industrial sectors ; Applied sciences -- Computer science -- Computer engineering ; Business -- Industry -- Industrial sectors ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geography ; Political science -- Politics -- International politics ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geography ; Social sciences -- Human geography -- Land use ; Political science -- Government -- Government agencies ; Applied sciences -- Technology -- Environmental technology ; Physical sciences -- Earth sciences -- Geography
  • Là 1 phần của: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 1 March 2012, Vol.102(2), pp.320-349
  • Mô tả: Recent scholarship has urged increased attention to how advances in geographical information systems (GIS) technology can more equitably help to bridge gaps between the theory and practice of environmental protection and dispute resolution. This study brings new evidence to burgeoning debates in the Amazon, examining how a United Nations (UN) development initiative developed mapping systems in a shifting political climate for environmental governance while conducting campaigns with peasant miners to address environmental management. Amendments made in 2002 to the Brazilian Forest Code established natural preserves according to the geographic features of watersheds. The laws deter commercial land use on preserves, imposing strict penalties where artisanal mining is widely prevalent as a livelihood. The UN program utilized GIS and Shuttle Radar imagery to map the contested areas according to legal definitions and engaged stakeholders to discuss political implications. In 2006, new reforms made such mapping tools even more controversial—and urgent—with amendments that created opportunities for bringing "informal" mining into the legal sphere, theoretically allowing "spaces of exception" where mining can be legitimated. Our multimethod study underscores the need for appreciating diverse understandings of ecologically sensitive zones and empowering rural communities to take ownership over geospatial technologies in addressing environmental challenges. Although maps produced using the proposed methods could be useful, dominant advocacies that champion GIS as an enforcement tool often undermine local trust, inflame tensions, and render alternative "grassroots GIS" strategies impracticable. We examine the contexts, powers, limitations, and risks of the UN's technical intervention, exploring how competing views of environmental controversy lead to divergent perspectives on the politics of GIS "knowledge translation" and mapping itself. 近期的学术呼吁更多地关注地理信息系统(GIS) 技术的进步可以如何更公平地帮助弥合环境保护的理论和实践 以及争端解决之间的差距。这项研究给亚马逊河流域蓬勃发展的辩论带来了新的证据,它审查一个联合国
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 00045608 ; E-ISSN: 14678306

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