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The Cultural Geopolitics of Ethnic Nationalism: Turkish Urbanism in Occupied Istanbul (1918-1923)

Mills, Amy

Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 03 September 2017, Vol.107(5), pp.1179-1193 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 2469-4452 ; E-ISSN: 2469-4460 ; DOI: 10.1080/24694452.2017.1298433

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  • Nhan đề:
    The Cultural Geopolitics of Ethnic Nationalism: Turkish Urbanism in Occupied Istanbul (1918-1923)
  • Tác giả: Mills, Amy
  • Chủ đề: Critical Geopolitics ; Memory ; Nationalism ; Ottoman Empire ; Urbanism ; 批判地缘政治 ; 国族主义 ; 奥斯曼帝国 ; 城市主义。 ; Geopolítica Crítica ; Memoria ; Nacionalismo ; Imperio Otomano ; Urbanismo ; Geography
  • Là 1 phần của: Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 03 September 2017, Vol.107(5), pp.1179-1193
  • Mô tả: What are the roles of history and memory in geopolitics? How does urban experience influence geopolitical understandings of one's place in the world? This article brings these questions to a study of how Ottoman Turkish citizens of Istanbul came to link ethnicity with nationalism and to view their Greek Orthodox neighbors as national betrayers. I propose an explicitly cultural geopolitics: an affective, embodied critical geopolitics contextually dependent on experience, encounter, and memory in place. My sources are postwar Ottoman humor gazettes published in Istanbul, the waning capital of the Ottoman Empire, while it was occupied by Allied forces immediately after World War I. The future sovereignty of the city was unknown, and there was no coherent state structure. As normative (and also subversive) popular media, humor gazettes illustrate the reverberation of postwar geopolitics with the lived and remembered processes of urban place. Ethno-nationalist Turkish belonging in Istanbul was a form of urbanism, composed of place-based norms for behavior and a commonly understood cultural geography of the city. Satirical depictions of urban Turkish and Greek encounters during the armistice era betray a Turkish anxiety surrounding territorial and historical claims to the city and also a simultaneous questioning and hardening of the imagined geographies that demarcated Turkish and Greek identities as nationally distinct. This research illuminates the topological and relational dimensions of ethno-nationalist identity formation and the role of urban cultural processes in political belonging in the contemporary Middle East.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 2469-4452 ; E-ISSN: 2469-4460 ; DOI: 10.1080/24694452.2017.1298433

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