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Forward osmosis membranes modified with laminar MoS.sub.2 nanosheet to improve desalination performance and antifouling properties

Li, Meng-Na ; Sun, Xue-Fei ; Wang, Lin ; Wang, Si-Yu ; Afzal, Muhammad Zaheer ; Song, Chao ; Wang, Shu-Guang

Desalination, June 15, 2018, Vol.436, p.107 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0011-9164 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2018.02.008

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  • Nhan đề:
    Forward osmosis membranes modified with laminar MoS.sub.2 nanosheet to improve desalination performance and antifouling properties
  • Tác giả: Li, Meng-Na ; Sun, Xue-Fei ; Wang, Lin ; Wang, Si-Yu ; Afzal, Muhammad Zaheer ; Song, Chao ; Wang, Shu-Guang
  • Chủ đề: Water Pollution – Analysis ; Desalination – Analysis ; Water Pollution Control – Analysis ; Water Resources – Analysis ; Porosity – Analysis
  • Là 1 phần của: Desalination, June 15, 2018, Vol.436, p.107
  • Mô tả: Byline: Meng-Na Li, Xue-Fei Sun [xuefeisun@sdu.edu.cn] (*), Lin Wang, Si-Yu Wang, Muhammad Zaheer Afzal, Chao Song, Shu-Guang Wang Keywords MoS.sub.2 nanosheet; Forward osmosis; Internal concentration polarization; Antifouling property Highlights * The MoS.sub.2-coated -FO membrane achieves higher water flux, lower reverse flux and better anti-fouling properties. Abstract Internal concentration polarization (ICP) and membrane fouling are factors limiting the performance of forward osmosis (FO) membranes. Aiming at alleviating these problems, this study demonstrated the fabrication of FO membrane incorporated with MoS.sub.2 by layer-by-layer assembly with the synergistic effects of surface hydrophilicity, porosity and fouling-release properties. The grafting of MoS.sub.2 on the membrane surface was confirmed through the SEM, EDS and AFM analysis. The results demonstrated that the MoS.sub.2-coated-FO membrane could achieve transmembrane water flux of 27.15 LMH which was 35.34% higher than that obtained from a commercial polyethersulfone (PES) FO membrane. The reverse flux of NaCl ions was 16.42 gMH for the MoS.sub.2-coated-FO, 35.91% less than blank FO membrane. Meanwhile, coating MoS.sub.2 nanosheets endowed the resultant composites with higher water flux and lower reverse solute diffusion. In addition, the results of dynamic operation in a cross-flow test cell demonstrated that MoS.sub.2-coated-FO membrane exhibited good antifouling and fouling-release properties. This study indicates that use of MoS.sub.2 nanosheet is an attractive and feasible approach for the development of a dual-functional FO membrane by simultaneously improving the antifouling performance and reducing the ICP issues. Author Affiliation: Shandong Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 3 November 2017; Revised 30 December 2017; Accepted 4 February 2018
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0011-9164 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2018.02.008

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