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A research of provisions of the Lithuanian youth migration/Lietuvos jaunimo migraciniu nuostatu tyrimas.(Report)

Siniavskaite, Edita ; Andriusaitiene, Daiva

Science - Future of Lithuania, 2015, Vol.7(2), p.210 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 2029-2341 ; DOI: 10.3846/mla.2015.749

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  • Nhan đề:
    A research of provisions of the Lithuanian youth migration/Lietuvos jaunimo migraciniu nuostatu tyrimas.(Report)
  • Tác giả: Siniavskaite, Edita ; Andriusaitiene, Daiva
  • Chủ đề: Youth – Social Aspects ; Youth – Economic Aspects ; Youth – Forecasts and Trends ; Emigration and Immigration – Economic Aspects ; Emigration and Immigration – Demographic Aspects ; Emigration and Immigration – Forecasts and Trends
  • Là 1 phần của: Science - Future of Lithuania, 2015, Vol.7(2), p.210
  • Mô tả: Young people are a very important part of society, on whom the country and people's welfare depends. Unfortunately, emigration of young people is notable every year because of the present economic, social and financial situations. In the year 2013 because of emigration Lithuania has lost 17.6 thousand of young people of the country's population between ages of 14-29 years. Because of youth emigration Lithuania has confronted with social, demographic problems. Our homeland is losing population yearly, rapid aging of the populations noticeable, age structure of the deformations going also birth rates are decreasing because of youth migration, brain drains noticeable. Number of well educated, diligent young people is decreasing, as a result Lithuania often lacks good specialists and there is nobody to replace them. Purpose of this article is to find out what are the reasons for the emigration of young people and to answer the question why young people are emigrating from Lithuania and what would encourage them to stay in their homeland. This article consists of three parts. The first part has dealt with the theoretical aspects of migration, in the second part the article examines the concept of migration of the population, its causes, factors and consequences. The third part of the article carried out the provisions of Lithuanian youth migration study using literature and statistical data. The article ends with conclusions and recommendations. Keywords: youth, migration, emigration, migration of population, emigration of young people, youth unemployment. Jaunimas yra labai svarbi visuomenes dalis, nuo kurios priklauso salies ateitis, taciau del susiklosciusios ekonomines, socialines, finansines padeties kiekvienais metais pastebima jaunimo emigracija. Jau 2013 metais Lietuva neteko17,6 tukst. jaunu, 14-29 metu amziaus, salies gyventoju. Lietuva del jaunimo emigracijos susiduria su socialinemis, demografinemis problemomis. Tevyneje kiekvienais metais mazeja gyventoju skaicius, pastebimas spartus gyventoju senejimas, vyksta amziaus strukturos deformacija, del jaunu zmoniu emigracijos mazeja gimstamumas, pastebimas protu nutekejimas, mazeja jaunu issilavinusiu darbingo amziaus zmoniu, neretai truksta geru specialistu. Sio straipsnio tikslas yra issiaiskinti, kokios yra jaunimo emigracijos priezastys, ir atsakyti i klausima, kodel jaunimas emigruoja is Lietuvos ir kas skatintu juos pasilikti tevyneje. Sis straipsnis susideda is triju daliu: pirmoje straipsnio dalyje nagrinejami teoriniai migracijos aspektai, antroje dalyje analizuojamos gyventoju migracijos priezastys, veiksniai ir pasekmes. Trecioje dalyje pristatomi Lietuvos jaunimo migraciniu nuostatu tyrimai, atlikti remiantis moksliniais literaturos saltiniais ir statistiniais duomenimis. Straipsnio pabaigoje pateikiamos isvados ir pasiulymai. Reiksminiai zodziai: jaunimas, migracija, emigracija, gyventoju migracija, jaunimo emigracija, jaunimo nedarbas.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 2029-2341 ; DOI: 10.3846/mla.2015.749

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