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Persistent toxic substances released from uncontrolled e-waste recycling and actions for the future

Man, Ming ; Naidu, Ravi ; Wong, Ming H.

The Science of the Total Environment, Oct 1, 2013, Vol.463-464, p.1133(5) [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0048-9697

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  • Nhan đề:
    Persistent toxic substances released from uncontrolled e-waste recycling and actions for the future
  • Tác giả: Man, Ming ; Naidu, Ravi ; Wong, Ming H.
  • Chủ đề: Electronic Equipment -- Waste Management ; Persistent Organic Pollutants ; Electronic Waste ; Dioxins ; Heavy Metals ; Recycling ; Hazardous Waste Management
  • Là 1 phần của: The Science of the Total Environment, Oct 1, 2013, Vol.463-464, p.1133(5)
  • Mô tả: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.07.017 Byline: Ming Man, Ravi Naidu, Ming H. Wong Keywords: Electronic waste; Dioxin; Waste management; Heavy metals; Persistent organic pollutants Abstract: The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted on March 22, 1989 and enforced on May 5, 1992. Since then, the USA, one of the world's largest e-waste producers, has not ratified this Convention or the Basel Ban Amendment. Communities are still debating the legal loophole, which permits the export of whole products to other countries provided it is not for recycling. In January 2011, China's WEEE Directive was implemented, providing stricter control over e-waste imports to China, including Hong Kong, while emphasizing that e-waste recycling is the producers' responsibility. China is expected to supersede the USA as the principal e-waste producer, by 2020, according to the UNEP. Uncontrolled e-waste recycling activities generate and release heavy metals and POPs into the environment, which may be re-distributed, bioaccumulated and biomagnified, with potentially adverse human health effects. Greater efforts and scientific approaches are needed for future e-product designs of minimal toxic metal and compound use, reaping greater benefits than debating the definition and handling responsibilities of e-waste recycling. Article History: Received 15 March 2012; Revised 5 July 2012; Accepted 6 July 2012 Article Note: (miscellaneous) Guest Editors: Ravi naidu, Ming Wong
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0048-9697

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