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Further studies on the phlebotomine sandflies of the kala-azar endemic lowlands of Humera-Metema (north-west Ethiopia) with observations on their natural blood meal sources.(Research)(Survey)

Gebre-Michael, Teshome ; Balkew, Meshesha ; Berhe, Nega ; Hailu, Asrat ; Mekonnen, Yalemtsehay

Parasites & Vectors, Feb 3, 2010, Vol.3(1), p.6 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 1756-3305 ; DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-3-6

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  • Nhan đề:
    Further studies on the phlebotomine sandflies of the kala-azar endemic lowlands of Humera-Metema (north-west Ethiopia) with observations on their natural blood meal sources.(Research)(Survey)
  • Tác giả: Gebre-Michael, Teshome ; Balkew, Meshesha ; Berhe, Nega ; Hailu, Asrat ; Mekonnen, Yalemtsehay
  • Chủ đề: Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay – Surveys ; Leishmaniasis – Risk Factors ; Leishmaniasis – Diagnosis
  • Là 1 phần của: Parasites & Vectors, Feb 3, 2010, Vol.3(1), p.6
  • Mô tả: Background Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been known to exist in northwest Ethiopia (Humera-Metema lowlands) since the early 1970s associated with large scale agricultural development activities, often resulting in outbreaks. The latest outbreak of the disease that has started around 1995 in both regions, has led to the present preliminary entomological surveys (1996-2005) the results of which are reported here. Sandflies were collected using CDC light traps and Phlebotomus females were dissected for Leishmania detection and isolation; freshly fed Phlebotomus females collected were subsequently tested for their blood meal sources using ELISA. All Phlebotomus collections were identified to species. Results During the surveys (1996-2005), a total of 1963 sandflies of six Phlebotomus species (P. orientalis, P. papatasi, P. bergeroti, P. duboscqi, P. rodhaini and P. alexandri) were recorded from the study areas: the predominant species was P. orientalis in both localities. None of the total 618 P. orientalis females dissected (506 from Metema and 112 from Humera), nor the total 114 females of four other species dissected (P. papatasi, P. duboscqi, P. bergeroti and P. rodhaini) was infected with Leishmania promastigotes. ELISA-based blood meal analysis of 273 fresh fed P. orientalis females collected from Metema revealed a remarkably high bovine blood feeds (92%) with only 2.2% of human blood feeds. Conclusion Based on abundance and other circumstantial evidences (its proven role in Sudan), P. orientalis is the most likely vector of VL in northwest Ethiopia, pending further clarifications. The zoophagic feeding behaviour of P. orientalis detected in the present study could have epidemiological significance, but more investigations are required in this and other behavioural characteristics towards appropriate management of the vector.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 1756-3305 ; DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-3-6

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