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The influence of intention and outcome on young children’s reciprocal sharing

Zhang, Zhen ; Grocke, Patricia ; Tomasello, Michael

Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, November 2019, Vol.187 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0022-0965 ; E-ISSN: 1096-0457 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2019.05.012

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  • Nhan đề:
    The influence of intention and outcome on young children’s reciprocal sharing
  • Tác giả: Zhang, Zhen ; Grocke, Patricia ; Tomasello, Michael
  • Chủ đề: Moral Development ; Reciprocity ; Sharing ; Cooperation ; Intention ; Outcome ; Social Welfare & Social Work ; Psychology
  • Là 1 phần của: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, November 2019, Vol.187
  • Mô tả: •Tested 3- and 5-year-old children’s reciprocal sharing with a partner.•Intentions and outcomes of previous interaction with a partner were manipulated.•Older Preschoolers come to combine both intention and outcome information to repay. This study investigated the influence of underlying intentions and outcomes of a partner’s sharing behavior on young children’s reciprocity. We provided 3- and 5-year-old children with the opportunity to share with a partner following different treatments of a partner’s intention (to share or not to share) that led to different outcomes (children got or did not get stickers from their partner). For the 3-year-olds, we found that the outcome of the previous interaction influenced how much they shared, whereas the intention of their partner affected how readily they initiated sharing in response to social cues. For the 5-year-olds, we found that both outcome and intention affected how much they shared as well as how readily they initiated sharing. This suggests that already 3-year-olds are able to take into account outcome and intention information separately in reciprocal sharing. However, only 5-year-olds can combine both to flexibly maintain social interactions without running the risk of being exploited by others.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0022-0965 ; E-ISSN: 1096-0457 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2019.05.012

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