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Chemodynamics of heavy metals in long-term contaminated soils: Metal speciation in soil solution

Kwon-Rae, Kim ; Owens, Gary

Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2009, Vol.21(11), pp.1532-1540 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 1001-0742 ; E-ISSN: 1878-7320 ; DOI: 10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62451-1

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  • Nhan đề:
    Chemodynamics of heavy metals in long-term contaminated soils: Metal speciation in soil solution
  • Tác giả: Kwon-Rae, Kim ; Owens, Gary
  • Chủ đề: Donnan Membrane Technique ; Free Metal Ion ; Heavy Metals ; Partitioning Coefficient ; Solubility ; Speciation ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences
  • Là 1 phần của: Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2009, Vol.21(11), pp.1532-1540
  • Mô tả: The concentration and speciation of heavy metals in soil solution isolated from long-term contaminated soils were investigated. The soil solution was extracted at 70% maximum water holding capacity (MWHC) after equilibration for 24 h. The free metal concentrations (Cd , Cu , Pb , and Zn ) in soil solution were determined using the Donnan membrane technique (DMT). Initially the DMT was validated using artificial solutions where the percentage of free metal ions were significantly correlated with the percentages predicted using MINTEQA2. However, there was a significant difference between the absolute free ion concentrations predicted by MINTEQA2 and the values determined by the DMT. This was due to the significant metal adsorption onto the cation exchange membrane used in the DMT with 20%, 28%, 44%, and 8% mass loss of the initial total concentration of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn in solution, respectively. This could result in a significant error in the determination of free metal ions when using DMT if no allowance for membrane cation adsorption was made. Relative to the total soluble metal concentrations the amounts of free Cd (3%–52%) and Zn (11%–72%) in soil solutions were generally higher than those of Cu (0.2%–30%) and Pb (0.6%–10%). Among the key soil solution properties, dissolved heavy metal concentrations were the most significant factor governing free metal ion concentrations. Soil solution pH showed only a weak relationship with free metal ion partitioning coefficients ( ) and dissolved organic carbon did not show any significant influence on .
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 1001-0742 ; E-ISSN: 1878-7320 ; DOI: 10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62451-1

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