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Peripheral Motor System-Chapter 5

Gandevia, Simon C. ; Burke, David

The Human Nervous System, Chapter 5, pp.113-133

ISBN: 978-0-12-547626-3 ; DOI: 10.1016/B978-012547626-3/50006-5

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  • Nhan đề:
    Peripheral Motor System-Chapter 5
  • Tác giả: Gandevia, Simon C. ; Burke, David
  • Là 1 phần của: The Human Nervous System, Chapter 5, pp.113-133
  • Mô tả: This chapter describes first the innervation of human muscle and then some features of muscle organization. Muscle is the largest sense organ in the body. It contains receptors responsive to mechanical deformation, to changes in temperature, to metabolites produced by muscle activity, and to injurious stimuli that evoke pain. In addition, the nerve to a muscle may carry the afferent innervation of the joints that the muscle crosses, of the underling bone and periosteum, and of any interosseous membrane. The efferent fibers in muscle nerve are conventionally divided into three groups based on size and function. These include, large myelinated α efferents from the α motoneurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord, innervating the contractile bulk of the muscle. Second group is of small myelinated γ efferents from γ motoneurons, innervating the modified muscle fibers inside the muscle spindle, and finally, unmyelinated sympathetic efferents innervating intramuscular blood vessels. Furthermore, the chapter illustrates the muscle receptors and their innervation in cat muscle.
  • Nơi xuất bản: Elsevier Inc.
  • Năm xuất bản: 2004
  • Ngôn ngữ: English;Italian;German
  • Số nhận dạng: ISBN: 978-0-12-547626-3 ; DOI: 10.1016/B978-012547626-3/50006-5

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