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Demokrati eller presidentdiktatur?: Konstitutionella vägval i postkommunistiska länder

Sedelius, Thomas; Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Statsvetenskap

Nordisk Østforum, 2008, Vol. 22(2), pp. 141-161 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0801-7220

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  • Nhan đề:
    Demokrati eller presidentdiktatur?: Konstitutionella vägval i postkommunistiska länder
  • Tác giả: Sedelius, Thomas
  • Högskolan Dalarna, Akademin Utbildning, hälsa och samhälle, Statsvetenskap
  • Chủ đề: Social Sciences ; Political Science ; Political Science (Excluding Public Administration Studies And Globalisation Studies) ; Samhällsvetenskap ; Statsvetenskap ; Statsvetenskap (Exklusive Studier Av Offentlig Förvaltning Och Globaliseringsstudier)
  • Là 1 phần của: Nordisk Østforum, 2008, Vol. 22(2), pp. 141-161
  • Mô tả: While authoritarian presidents prevail under heavily president-oriented constitutions throughout the post-Soviet region, democracy along parliamentary lines triumphs in Central Europe. This article discusses the constitutional pattern among the post-communist countries on the basis of two general questions: First, how can we explain why strong presidential constitutions dominate throughout the post-Soviet region whereas constrained presidencies and governments anchored in parliament have become the prevailing option in Central Europe? Second, and interlinked with the first question, why have so many post-communist countries (in the post-Soviet region as well as in Central Europe) chosen neither parliamentarism nor presidentialism, but instead semi-presidential arrangements whereby a directly elected president is provided with considerable powers and coexists with a prime minister? The analysis indicates that both historical-institutional and actor-oriented factors are relevant here. Key factors have been regime transition, pre-communist era constitutions and leaders, as well as short-term economic and political considerations. With differing strengths and in partly different ways, these factors seem to have affected the actors’ preferences and final constitutional compromises.
  • Ngôn ngữ: Swedish
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0801-7220

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