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Protectionism And Nationalism Versus Open Innovation: A Challenge For Europe'S Innovation Diplomacy

Leijten, Jos

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.581316

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  • Nhan đề:
    Protectionism And Nationalism Versus Open Innovation: A Challenge For Europe'S Innovation Diplomacy
  • Tác giả: Leijten, Jos
  • Chủ đề: Open Innovation ; Innovation Diplomacy ; Protectionism ; Competition
  • Mô tả: Europe has embarked upon a fierce strategy of open innovation. The idea is “to open up the innovation process to all active players so that knowledge can circulate more freely and be transformed into products and services that create new markets, fostering a stronger culture of entrepreneurship” (see EU 2016). In other words, a free flow of knowledge is expected to benefit all. But Europe and its open innovation strategy are confronted with protectionist and nationalist tendencies, which do not favour such openness. These tendencies exist internally in many Member States where anti-European political forces are gaining power, with the UK Brexit vote as a prime example. Externally, we see these tendencies in the Americas, where president Trump is the loudest proponent, but certainly not the only one, and in Asia where international innovation collaboration is always well embedded in national competitive strategies....
  • Nơi xuất bản: Zenodo
  • Năm xuất bản: 2017
  • Số nhận dạng: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.581316

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