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Esotropia

Kennedy, S. A. ; Noble, J. ; Wong, A. M. F.

Canadian Medical Association Journal, 08/07/2012, Vol.184(11), pp.1279-1279 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0820-3946 ; E-ISSN: 1488-2329 ; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.111566

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  • Nhan đề:
    Esotropia
  • Tác giả: Kennedy, S. A. ; Noble, J. ; Wong, A. M. F.
  • Chủ đề: Accommodation, Ocular–Diagnosis ; Child–Diagnosis ; Esotropia–Diagnosis ; Humans–Diagnosis ; Ocular Motility Disorders–Diagnosis ; Eye Movements ; Medical Personnel ; Ophthalmology ; Children & Youth
  • Là 1 phần của: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 08/07/2012, Vol.184(11), pp.1279-1279
  • Mô tả: 3If the amount of deviation is the same regardless of the direction of the pa - tient's gaze, the esotropia is comitant. Comitant esotropia is com monly as - sociated with refractive er ror, abnormal accommodation or sensory dep - rivation as a result of conditions such as cataract or reti noblastoma.3 If the amount of deviation varies with the direction of the gaze, the es o tropia is incomitant. These deviations may be related to mechanical restriction (orbital mass or fracture, thyroid dysfunction), or innervation abnormalities (palsy of the abducens nerve, my - asthenia gravis).3 4Prompt treatment may be required to prevent amblyopia (reduced visual acuity) and maximize stereoacuity. Infantile esotropia within the first six months of life that is constant with a large deviation generally requires surgical correction before one year of age.5 Esotropia presenting later in childhood may re - spond to correction of refractive error using glasses. Any amblyopia requires treatment with patching or atropine penalization (instillation of atropine drops to blur the vision in the betterseeing eye). Surgery is indicated if adequate ocular alignment is not achieved using conservative measures.3
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0820-3946 ; E-ISSN: 1488-2329 ; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.111566

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