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Activation and Desensitization Induce Distinct Conformational Changes at the Extracellular-Transmembrane Domain Interface of the Glycine Receptor

Wang, Q. ; Lynch, J. W.

Journal of Biological Chemistry, 11/04/2011, Vol.286(44), pp.38814-38824 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0021-9258 ; E-ISSN: 1083-351X ; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.273631

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  • Nhan đề:
    Activation and Desensitization Induce Distinct Conformational Changes at the Extracellular-Transmembrane Domain Interface of the Glycine Receptor
  • Tác giả: Wang, Q. ; Lynch, J. W.
  • Chủ đề: Chemistry ; Anatomy & Physiology
  • Là 1 phần của: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 11/04/2011, Vol.286(44), pp.38814-38824
  • Mô tả: Most ligand-gated channels exhibit desensitization, which is the progressive fading of ionic current in the prolonged presence of agonist. This process involves conformational changes that close the channel despite continued agonist binding. Despite the physiological and pathological importance of desensitization, little is known about the conformational changes that underlie this process in any Cys-loop ion channel receptor. Here we employed voltage clamp fluorometry to identify conformational changes that occur with a similar time course as the current desensitization rate in both slow- and fast-desensitizing α1 glycine receptor chloride channels. Voltage clamp fluorometry provides a direct indication of conformational changes that occur in the immediate vicinity of residues labeled with environmentally sensitive fluorophores. We compared the rates of current desensitization and fluorescence changes at nine labeled extracellular sites in both wild type slow-desensitizing and mutated (A248L) fast-desensitizing glycine receptors. As labels attached to three sites at the interface between the ligand binding domain and transmembrane domain reported fluorescence responses that changed in parallel with the current desensitization rate, we concluded that they experienced local conformational changes associated with desensitization. These labeled sites included A52C in loop 2, Q219C in the pre-M1 domain, and M227C in the M1 domain. Activation and desensitization were accompanied by physically distinct conformational changes at each labeled site. Because activation is mediated by a specific reorganization of molecular interactions at the extracellular-transmembrane domain interface, we propose that desensitization is mediated by a distinct set of conformational changes that prevents this reorganization from occurring, thereby favoring channel closure.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0021-9258 ; E-ISSN: 1083-351X ; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.273631

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