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Interleukin-4 causes delayed virus clearance in influenza virus- infected mice

Moran, TM ; Isobe, H ; Fernandez-Sesma, A ; Schulman, JL

The Journal of Virology, 1996, Vol. 70(8), p.5230 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0022-538X ; PMID: 8764032

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  • Nhan đề:
    Interleukin-4 causes delayed virus clearance in influenza virus- infected mice
  • Tác giả: Moran, TM ; Isobe, H ; Fernandez-Sesma, A ; Schulman, JL
  • Chủ đề: Influenza Virus ; Influenza Virus ; Infection ; Immune Response (Cell-Mediated) ; Interleukin 4 ; Adoptive Transfer ; Infection ; Immune Response (Cell-Mediated) ; Interleukin 4 ; Adoptive Transfer ; Immune Response & Immune Mechanisms ; Interferons ; Viruses ; Mice ; Mice ; Mice
  • Là 1 phần của: The Journal of Virology, 1996, Vol. 70(8), p.5230
  • Mô tả: Two different subsets of T cells, Th1 and Th2 cells, have been demonstrated to secrete different profiles of cytokines and to influence various infections in different ways. Whereas cytokines secreted by Th1 cells, particularly gamma interferon, promote the generation of cell-mediated immunity, Th2 cells and their cytokines (interleukin-4 [IL-4], IL-5, IL-10, and IL-13) have been shown to function in recovery from parasitic infections and in antibody responses. In this study, we analyzed the effects of the dominant Th2 cytokine, IL-4, on immunity to virus infection. We assessed the effects of IL-4 on both secondary immune responses by an adoptive transfer assay and primary immune responses by in vivo treatment of influenza virus-infected mice with IL-4. The results demonstrated that IL-4 can function to inhibit antiviral immunity at both stages. We found that IL-4 treatment of sensitized cells during secondary stimulation in vitro had little effect on their ability to lyse virus-infected target cells in a super(51)Cr release assay. Nevertheless, the clearance of influenza A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) virus from the lungs of infected BALB/c mice was significantly delayed after the transfer of virus-specific T cells secondarily stimulated in the presence of IL-4 in comparison to virus clearance in recipients of cells stimulated in the absence of IL-4. In contrast to the adoptive transfer results, the treatment of PR8 virus-infected mice with IL-4 during primary infection greatly suppressed the generation of cytotoxic T-cell precursors, as assessed by secondary stimulation in vitro. In addition, culture supernatants of secondarily stimulated spleen cells from IL-4-treated mice contained significantly less gamma interferon and more IL-4 than did spleen cells from controls. More importantly, the treatment of mice with IL-4 resulted in an extremely significant delay in virus clearance. Thus, IL-4 can inhibit both primary and secondary antiviral immune responses.
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0022-538X ; PMID: 8764032

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