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Universal deformation of soft substrates near a contact line and the direct measurement of solid surface stresses

Style, Robert W. ; Che, Yonglu ; Wettlaufer, John. S. ; Wilen, Larry A. ; Dufresne, Eric R.

Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 066103 (2013) [Tạp chí có phản biện]

Arxiv ID: 1209.3723

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  • Nhan đề:
    Universal deformation of soft substrates near a contact line and the direct measurement of solid surface stresses
  • Tác giả: Style, Robert W. ; Che, Yonglu ; Wettlaufer, John. S. ; Wilen, Larry A. ; Dufresne, Eric R.
  • Chủ đề: Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter
  • Là 1 phần của: Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 066103 (2013)
  • Mô tả: Droplets deform soft substrates near their contact lines. Using confocal microscopy, we measure the deformation of silicone gel substrates due to glycerol and fluorinated-oil droplets for a range of droplet radii and substrate thicknesses. For all droplets, the substrate deformation takes a universal shape close to the contact line that depends on liquid composition, but is independent of droplet size and substrate thickness. This shape is determined by a balance of interfacial tensions at the contact line and provides a novel method for direct determination of the surface stresses of soft substrates. Moreover, we measure the change in contact angle with droplet radius and show that Young's law fails for small droplets when their radii approach an elastocapillary length scale. For larger droplets the macroscopic contact angle is constant, consistent with Young's law. Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures
  • Số nhận dạng: Arxiv ID: 1209.3723

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