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Parental education and family income affect birthweight, early longitudinal growth and body mass index development differently

Bramsved, Rebecka ; Regber, Susann ; Novak, Daniel ; Mehlig, Kirsten ; Lissner, Lauren ; Mårild, Staffan

Acta Paediatrica, November 2018, Vol.107(11), pp.1946-1952 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0803-5253 ; E-ISSN: 1651-2227 ; DOI: 10.1111/apa.14215

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  • Nhan đề:
    Parental education and family income affect birthweight, early longitudinal growth and body mass index development differently
  • Tác giả: Bramsved, Rebecka ; Regber, Susann ; Novak, Daniel ; Mehlig, Kirsten ; Lissner, Lauren ; Mårild, Staffan
  • Chủ đề: Birthweight ; Childhood Obesity ; Health Promotion ; Parental Education ; Socio‐Economic Factors
  • Là 1 phần của: Acta Paediatrica, November 2018, Vol.107(11), pp.1946-1952
  • Mô tả: To purchase or authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/apa.14215/abstract Byline: Rebecka Bramsved, Susann Regber, Daniel Novak, Kirsten Mehlig, Lauren Lissner, Staffan Marild Keywords: Birthweight; Childhood obesity; Health promotion; Parental education; Socio-economic factors Abstract Aim This study investigated the effects of two parental socio-economic characteristics, education and income, on growth and risk of obesity in children from birth to 8 years of age. Methods Longitudinal growth data and national register-based information on socio-economic characteristics were available for 3,030 Swedish children. The development of body mass index (BMI) and height was compared in groups dichotomised by parental education and income. Results Low parental education was associated with a higher BMI from 4 years of age, independent of income, immigrant background, maternal BMI and smoking during pregnancy. Low family income was associated with a lower birthweight, but did not independently predict BMI development. At 8 years of age, children from less educated families had a three times higher risk of obesity, independent of parental income. Children whose parents had fewer years of education but high income had significantly higher height than all other children. Conclusion Parental education protected against childhood obesity, even after adjusting for income and other important parental characteristics. Income-related differences in height, despite similar BMIs, raise questions about body composition and metabolic risk profiles. The dominant role of education underscores the value of health literacy initiatives for the parents of young children. Article Note: Shared first authorship. CAPTION(S): Table S1 Anthropometric and socioeconomic variables of analysis.
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0803-5253 ; E-ISSN: 1651-2227 ; DOI: 10.1111/apa.14215

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