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Mechanical damping and dynamic modulus measurements in alumina and tungsten fibre-reinforced aluminium composites

Wolfenden, Alan ; Wolla, Jeffrey

Journal of Materials Science, 1989, Vol.24(9), pp.3205-3212 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0022-2461 ; E-ISSN: 1573-4803 ; DOI: 10.1007/BF01139042

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  • Nhan đề:
    Mechanical damping and dynamic modulus measurements in alumina and tungsten fibre-reinforced aluminium composites
  • Tác giả: Wolfenden, Alan ; Wolla, Jeffrey
  • Chủ đề: Composite Materials Industry -- Analysis
  • Là 1 phần của: Journal of Materials Science, 1989, Vol.24(9), pp.3205-3212
  • Mô tả: Simultaneous measurements of mechanical damping, or internal friction ( Q −1 ), and dynamic Young's modulus ( E ) were made near 80 kHz and at strain amplitudes ( ε ) in the range 10 −8 to 10 −4 on small specimens of continuous or chopped fibre-reinforced metal matrix composites (MMCs): 6061 aluminium reinforced with alumina (Al/Al 2 O 3 ) and 6061 aluminium reinforced with tungsten (Al/W). Baseline experiments were also done on 99.999% aluminium (pure Al). The strain amplitude dependence of damping and the temperature dependence of dynamic modulus were of particular interest in this study. The temperature ( T ) dependence of the modulus from room temperature up to 475° C was determined for the Al/Al 2 O 3 and pure Al specimens and a highly linear decrease in modulus with increasing temperature was observed. The rate of modulus loss (d E /d T ≈ −80 M Pa° C −1 ) was the same for both materials and the reduction in modulus of the Al/Al 2 O 3 was attributed to the reduction in modulus of the alu minium matrix, not the alumina fibres. The size, type, and amount of fibre reinforcement were found to have a significant effect on the strain amplitude dependence of the damping in both MMCs. Unreinforced aluminium exhibited classical dislocation damping trends with a region of strain amplitude independent damping at low strains (less than 10 −5 ) followed by a non linear, strain amplitude dependent region at higher strains. The addition of alumina fibres (chopped or continuous), while increasing stiffness, resulted in a significant reduction in damping capacity for the MMC relative to that for aluminium and near complete suppression of the amplitude dependent response. The damping levels increased as the volume fraction of fibre, and therefore, the amount of fibre/matrix (FM) interface decreased, indicating that the matrix, not factors such as increased dislocation densities at the FM interface, was the dominant influence on the damping. Analysis of the Al/Al 2 O 3 results by Granato-Lücke (GL) theory indicated that dislocation densities were increased relative to those in aluminium, but the dis locations were well pinned and unable to increase damping levels effectively. Analysis of the Al/W results by GL theory also revealed high dislocation densities, but, unlike the Al/Al 2 O 3 specimens, the Al/W specimens (continuous fibres) exhibited strong amplitude dependent damping (starting near strain levels of 2 × 10 −6 ) with damping levels approximately twice those of pure aluminium. Trends showed increased damping with increased fibre diameter, not with increased FM interface area. There was some evidence that it was the tungsten fibre itself that dominated the damping behaviour in Al/W composites, not the aluminium matrix or the FM interface.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0022-2461 ; E-ISSN: 1573-4803 ; DOI: 10.1007/BF01139042

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