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A simple tool to evaluate common disorders: validation of a “proctological symptom scale”

Kraemer, Matthias ; Kara, David ; Rzepisko, Michael ; Sayfan, Joel

International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 2015, Vol.30(5), pp.679-682 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0179-1958 ; E-ISSN: 1432-1262 ; DOI: 10.1007/s00384-015-2160-7

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  • Nhan đề:
    A simple tool to evaluate common disorders: validation of a “proctological symptom scale”
  • Tác giả: Kraemer, Matthias ; Kara, David ; Rzepisko, Michael ; Sayfan, Joel
  • Chủ đề: Proctology ; Visual scale ; Scores ; Haemorrhoidal disease
  • Là 1 phần của: International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 2015, Vol.30(5), pp.679-682
  • Mô tả: PURPOSE: Proctological symptomatology is of little complexity and therefore appears particularly suitable for comparative evaluation by visual scales. We devised a "proctological symptom scale" (PSS) with separate scales for four cardinal proctological symptoms: pain, itching/irritation, discharge/moisture, and bleeding. The objective of this study was to evaluate the PSS among proctological patients and non-proctological controls.METHODS: This was a single center non-interventional observational study on 229 proctological patients and 133 controls. The main outcome measures investigated were age- and sex-stratified comparison of the non-proctological cohort and the controls, effect of therapeutic intervention on scale values in a subset of patients with haemorrhoidal disease, and sensitivity of the PSS to detect therapeutic failure in this subset of patients.RESULTS: The PSS was found to significantly differentiate between proctological patients and controls. Gender and age had no significant influence on PSS values in the proctological cohort. The intervention (one session of rubber band ligation in patients with haemorrhoidal disease) was reflected by a significantly improved overall PSS. In 16 cases within this group, the PSS got worse. A case-by-case follow-up of these patients showed that 14 of the 16 patients ended up with surgery (or with the advice to have surgery).CONCLUSIONS: The PSS reliably differentiates proctological patients from non-proctological controls. Following intervention, the PSS reliably differentiated therapeutic success from failure. We find the PSS to be a simple and useful tool in our clinical routine since it provides an easily obtainable and reproducible basis for the visit-by-visit assessment of proctological patients. The PSS may also be suitable for studies to measure and compare symptomatic improvement and success of different therapies in proctology.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0179-1958 ; E-ISSN: 1432-1262 ; DOI: 10.1007/s00384-015-2160-7

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