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Spatial distribution and pollution assessment of heavy metals in urban soils from southwest China

Guo, Guanghui ; Wu, Fengchang ; Xie, Fazhi ; Zhang, Ruiqing

Journal of Environmental Sciences, March 2012, Vol.24(3), pp.410-418 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 1001-0742 ; DOI: 10.1016/S1001-0742(11)60762-6

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  • Nhan đề:
    Spatial distribution and pollution assessment of heavy metals in urban soils from southwest China
  • Tác giả: Guo, Guanghui ; Wu, Fengchang ; Xie, Fazhi ; Zhang, Ruiqing
  • Chủ đề: Urban Soils ; Heavy Metals ; Pollution Assessment ; Spatial Distribution
  • Là 1 phần của: Journal of Environmental Sciences, March 2012, Vol.24(3), pp.410-418
  • Mô tả: To identify the concentrations and sources of heavy metals, and to assess soil environmental quality, 63 soil samples were collected in Yibin City, Sichuan Province, China. Mean concentrations of As, Pb, Zn, and Cu were 10.55, 61.23, 138.88 and 56.35 mg/kg, respectively. As concentrations were comparable to background values, while Pb, Zn, and Cu concentrations were higher than their corresponding background values. Industrial areas exhibited the highest concentrations of As, Pb, Zn, and Cu, while the lowest concentrations occurred in parks. Statistical analysis was performed and two cluster groups of metals were identified with Pb, Zn, and Cu in one group and As in the other. Spatial distribution maps indicated that Pb, Zn, and Cu were mainly controlled by anthropogenic activities, whereas As could be mainly accounted for by soil parent materials. Pollution index values of As, Pb, Zn, and Cu varied in the range of 0.24–1.93, 0.66–7.24, 0.42–4.19, and 0.62–5.25, with mean values of 0.86, 1.98, 1.61, and 1.78, respectively. The integrated pollution index (IPI) values of these metals varied from 0.82 to 3.54, with a mean of 1.6 and more than 90% of soil samples were moderately or highly contaminated with heavy metals. The spatial distribution of IPI showed that newer urban areas displayed relatively lower heavy metal contamination in comparison with older urban areas.
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 1001-0742 ; DOI: 10.1016/S1001-0742(11)60762-6

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