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One for You, One for Me: Humans’ Unique Turn-Taking Skills

Melis, Alicia P ; Grocke, Patricia ; Kalbitz, Josefine ; Tomasello, Michael

Psychological Science, July 2016, Vol.27(7), pp.987-996 [Tạp chí có phản biện]

ISSN: 0956-7976 ; E-ISSN: 1467-9280 ; DOI: 10.1177/0956797616644070

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  • Nhan đề:
    One for You, One for Me: Humans’ Unique Turn-Taking Skills
  • Tác giả: Melis, Alicia P ; Grocke, Patricia ; Kalbitz, Josefine ; Tomasello, Michael
  • Chủ đề: Collaboration ; Problem Solving ; Turn Taking ; Chimpanzees ; Pan Troglodytes ; Children ; Reciprocity ; Sharing ; Psychology
  • Là 1 phần của: Psychological Science, July 2016, Vol.27(7), pp.987-996
  • Mô tả: Long-term collaborative relationships require that any jointly produced resources be shared in mutually satisfactory ways. Prototypically, this sharing involves partners dividing up simultaneously available resources, but sometimes the collaboration makes a resource available to only one individual, and any sharing of resources must take place across repeated instances over time. Here, we show that beginning at 5 years of age, human children stabilize cooperation in such cases by taking turns across instances of obtaining a resource. In contrast, chimpanzees do not take turns in this way, and so their collaboration tends to disintegrate over time. Alternating turns in obtaining a collaboratively produced resource does not necessarily require a prosocial concern for the other, but rather requires only a strategic judgment that partners need incentives to continue collaborating. These results suggest that human beings are adapted for thinking strategically in ways that sustain...
  • Ngôn ngữ: English
  • Số nhận dạng: ISSN: 0956-7976 ; E-ISSN: 1467-9280 ; DOI: 10.1177/0956797616644070

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